Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi, President Yoweri Museveni and Tanzanian Benjamin Mkapa participated in the East African Community Consultative Summit on the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The objective of the meeting was to forge a common position to which the three East African countries were able to adhere. Uganda is the only country in the East African Community to have troops in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. With the signing of the East African Community Treaty scheduled for this year, Kenya and Tanzania are concerned about the effects of Uganda`s continued engagement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, eAC member. However, the Heads of State and Government agreed to present a common line in the conflict. The Parties have agreed to terminate all military operations within twenty-four hours of the signature of the agreement referred to in Article I(2)(c). Article I prohibited further military movements or the transfer of weapons on the battlefield and urged all nations to respect human rights and protect civilians. Article III released all prisoners of war in Section 8 and gave the International Red Cross the task of assisting the wounded in Section 9. Article 11 called for the deployment of a United Nations peacekeeping force, in accordance with Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations.  The document also called for the OAU to set up a temporary peacekeeping force to fight militant groups until the UN force arrives.
 Mwesiga Laurent Baregu and Chris Landsberg of the International Peace Academy criticized this provision in 2003 and said the OAU was overwhelmed and SADC was better equipped to deal with the charge.  South Africa does not yet know if it is ready to send troops. South African security experts advise their government to be cautious. Richard Cornwell of the Institute of Security Studies in Pretoria warned Mbeki and other South African outside politicians against a “creep mission” in peacekeeping, in which a country would end up being far more responsible for a mission than it had originally planned. Experts agree that South Africa was in danger of scattering in the DRC: “But I think Mbeki is not a fool and she knows it very well. He knows from the operation in Lesotho that things can become more expensive than originally planned”37. . .
26 September 2021 BBP Admin Uncategorized
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